St. Augustine Florida is the longest continually occupied European settlement in
the continental United States; third founded overall behind only San
Juan, Puerto Rico and the ill fated original Pensacola colony in West
Florida (First founded in 1559) — and the later was wiped out by a
hurricane a mere two years after it's founding leaving San Juan to alone
predate the city as the oldest continuous settlement within the de jure
territory of the United States. St. Augustine, the nations oldest city, is the
oldest, continuously occupied European settlement in the New
World. With over 400 years of history and 40 miles of beautiful
beaches, this is a great place to visit.
St Augustine Fl
History America's Oldest City
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With the many fun things to do such as, enjoy beautiful
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St. Augustine is a city in St. Johns
County, Florida, in the United States. It lies in a region of Florida
known as the First Coast. According to the 2000 census, the city
had a total population of 11,592. In 2004, the population recorded by the
U.S. Census Bureau was 12,157 . It is the county seat of St. Johns
History of St Augustine Florida:
The city was founded by the Spanish
admiral Pedro Menéndez de Avilés on August 28, 1565, the feast day of
Augustine of Hippo, and consequently named by him San Agustín. This came
21 years before the English settlement at Roanoke Island, in Virginia
Colony, and 42 years before the successful settlements of Santa Fe, New
Mexico, and Jamestown, Virginia.
In 1586 St. Augustine was attacked and
burned by Sir Francis Drake. In 1668 it was plundered by pirates and most
of the inhabitants were killed. In 1702 and 1740 it was unsuccessfully
attacked by British forces from their new colonies in the Carolinas and
Georgia. The most serious of these came in the latter year, when James
Oglethorpe of Georgia allied himself with Ahaya the Cowkeeper, chief of
the Alachua band of the Seminole tribe to lay siege to the city.
In 1763, the Treaty of Paris ended the French and Indian War and gave
Florida and St. Augustine to the British, an acquisition the British had
been unable to take by force and keep due to the strong fort there. St.
Augustine came under British rule and served as a Loyalist (pro-British)
colony during the American Revolutionary War. A Treaty of Paris in 1783
gave the American colonies north of Florida their independence, and ceded
Florida to Spain in recognition of Spanish success during the war.
Florida was under Spanish control again from 1784 to 1821. During this
time, Spain was being invaded by Napoleon and was struggling to retain
its colonies. Florida no longer held its past importance to Spain. The
expanding United States, however, regarded Florida as vital to its
interests. In 1821, the Adams-Onís Treaty peaceably turned the Spanish
colonies in Florida and, with them, St. Augustine, over to the United
Florida was a territorial possession of the United States until 1845 when
it became a U.S. state. In 1861, the American Civil War began and Florida
seceded from the Union and joined the Confederacy. Days before Florida
seceded, state troops took the fort at St. Augustine from a small Union
garrison (January 7, 1861). However, federal troops loyal to the United
States Government quickly reoccupied the city (March 11, 1861) and
remained in control throughout the four-year-long war. In 1865, Florida
rejoined the United States.
Spanish Colonial era buildings still existing in the city include the
fortress Castillo de San Marcos. The fortress successfully repelled the
British attacks of the 18th century, was occupied by Union troops during
the American Civil War, and later served as a prison for the Native
American leader Osceola. It is now the Castillo de San Marcos National
In the late 19th century the railroad came to town, and led by
northeastern industrialist Henry Flagler, St. Augustine became a winter
resort for the very wealthy. A number of mansions and palatial grand
hotels of this era still exist, some converted to other use, such as
housing parts of Flagler College and museums. Flagler went on to develop
much more of Florida's east coast, including his Florida East Coast
Railway which eventually reached Key West in 1912.
The city is a popular tourist attraction, for the rich Spanish Colonial
Revival Style architectural heritage as well as elite 19th century
architecture. In 1938 the theme park Marineland opened just south of St.
Augustine, becoming one of Florida's first themed parks and setting the
stage for the development of this industry in the following decades.
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